Turkey 4 Seasons Cappadocia Tours, Daily Balloon Ride over Fairychimneys, Discover Cappadocia life and get experience stay in a Cave roomed boutique hotel
Dear Travel Partner,
In Cappadocia part of Turkey we well design and can arrange one of your choices follows if requested.
MICE Tours in Cappadocia
The Business Alternatives
The Romantic Alternatives
Conferences meets for firms, Companies
Incentives Trips for large groups
Valley visits and long Expeditions
Cappadox Festival Days
Cappadocia Marathon Days
The Golf Courses
- Cappadocia Red Line Tour (North Zone)
- Cappadocia Green Line Tour, Ihlara Valley (South Zone)
- Cappadocia Blue Line Tour (East Zone)
- Hot air Balloon Ride in Cappadocia
- Grand Cappadocia (4 Days) Tour
- Valley Expeditions 7 Days Trekking in Cappadocia
- Valley Expeditions 1 Day Red and Pigeon Valley
- Ankara - Hattusas - Cappadocia (2 Days)
- Horse Ride Tours in Cappadocia
- Cappadocia to West Turkey Kusadasi-Ephesus (5 Days Tours)
- Cappadocia to Nemrut - Urfa - Mesopotamia Gap (6 Days Tours)
- Cappadocia to Konya - Pamukkale - Antalya (6 Days Tours)
- Cappadocia Turkish Night tours Bellydance Girls Show-Dinner
- Birds watching Tour
- Ihlara Valley trekking tours
- Underground cities tours
- Biblical and churches tours
- Village Tour and Wedding Ceramony
- Concert in Zelve Valley
- Lunch in a village house
- Work Ateliers party (Work shops)
- Pottery Atelier party
- Rug weaving Atelier party
- Harwest and Wine taste tours
The barren landscape of Cappadocia is actually the roof of a plateau more than 3,000 feet high, punctuated by ancient, stone-carved structures, desolate volcanoes and strange rock formations. The huge region is located in central Turkey, and it attracts thousands of tourists each year who come to see the alien and desolate landscape.
Goreme & Goreme Open air Museum:
Goreme, was called Maccan in antiquity and is one of the oldest sites in the Cappadocia region. The oldest known source where the name of this city is mentioned, is the book titled "The Doing of St. Hieron" of the 7th century. Macan was not a city naturally protected and hidden from the eye, therefore it suffered a lot from the Arab raides and lost the majority of its population. The churches of Macan were rebuilt after the Arab invasion were over. It is generally accepted that the city was situated by the side of a river in its earliest times, and there are indeed two pillared mausoleums left from thes early stage as proof of this early settlement.
Churches of The Open Air Museum:
There are five churches in the vilage of Goreme and its surroundings. The biggest of these is the Durmus Kadir Church which is thought to have been built in either the 6th or the 7th century. Its pillars and the preacher's desk are well preserved. The other churches of Goreme have been built in the 10th and the 11th centuries after the Arab raids. The youngest church here is the Yusuf Koc Church which was built in the 11th century when Goreme had an episcopate. Two of the churches of Goreme, the Bezirhani Church and the Orta Mahalli Church are withen the city, and the farthest church which can be reached in 30 minutes on foot, is the Church of Karabulut dating back to the 11th century. The most attractive settlement of the region is the vilage of Goreme which is an unsurpassed example of the harmony of man and nature. People still live in the rock houses or use them as storerooms today, displaying an immense reverence for this volcanic earth and history. The village of Goreme does not only have rock houses, but also rock restaurants and rock hotels which all visitors find amazing. The natural boundaries of the city are drawn by the high rocks surrounding it and the fairy chimneys within; it's a place that offers unbelievable natural treasures. Every variety of fairy chimneys can be seen also in Goreme. Homes were carved out in rocks and fairy chimneys extending to the Uzundere, Bagildere and Zemi Valley are all great attractions for tourists. Avcilar (ex name of Goreme) a setlement dating back to Pre-Christian era contains examples from the classical architecture and tomps belonging to the Roman era. The Ortahane, Durmus Kadir, Yusuf Koc and Bezirhane Churches in Goreme, all carry the mystical spell of history to these days. The people of Goreme are exterting their atmost efforts to host their foreing guests. You certainly have to visit this cute town which has started with a traditional hospitality and arrived to a modern tourism concept. With its accommodation facilities and populer town. The one nave barrel vaulted plan common of Goreme's churches was the most convenient architectural style for the religious communities and those living in seclusion in the area. These buildings were also seen as suitable areas for graves. The transversal rectangular plan originated in Mesopotamia, and it is likely that these buildings were constructed for groups of foreigners settling in the area. In Goreme, the only church built with two naves is the church of St. Eustathios, however, the churches in Soganli and Ihlara quite often feature two naves. Building to the Basilica plan with three naves is also rare in Goreme, this being a preferred technique for the Bishopric churches such as Durmus Kadir. These churches were big ones and for this reason this style was not popular in rocky areas.
Ihlara Valley (Canyon):
The canyon was created by the cracking and collapsing which occurred as a result of basalt and andesite lave from Mt.Hasandag’s eruption. The Melendiz river found its way through these cracks, eroding the canyon bed and helping to form canyon we see today. The Melendiz river was used to be called “Potamus Kapadukus” which means the River of Cappadocia. The 14km long, 100-150m high valley begins at Ihlara an ends at Selime. There are numerous dwellings, churches and gravesbuilt into the valley walls, some of which are connected by tunnels and corridors. The Ihlara valley is very nice. Removed a little from the rest of the Cappadocian sites it can be a little tricky to get to but it's worth a full day if you can spare one. The gorge is 16 km long and both sides are lined with rock carved churches, about 100 in all. You can look at the more important of these in a couple of hours but it's very pleasant to spend an afternoon following the river down the valley and exploring on your own. The climb down to and especially up from the gorge can be demanding and probably shouldn't be attempted if you're feeling frail. To make the most of your time here a full day and a picnic is a good idea and will repay the effort in terms of a relaxed days pottering about admiring the churches and the valley's beautiful scenery. The valley proved to be an idela place for the seclusion and worship of monks, and a hideaway and defense area for people during times of invasion. The decorations in the churches can be dated to various times from the 6th to the 13thcenturies, and the churches can be classified into two groups. The churches near to Ihlara display frescoes with Oriental influence. Those nearer to Belisirma display Byzantine type decorations. Very few Byzantine inscriptions in this area can be read. Above a 13th century fresco in the church of St.George (Kirkdamalti), the names of Seljuk Sultan Mesud II (1282-1305) and the Byzantine Emperor Andronicos II are inscribed. This is proof of the tolerance of the Seljuk rulers. The best preserved frescoes are to be found in the churches of Agacalti, Purenliseki, Kokar, Yilanli and Kirkdamalti.
Kaymakli Underground City:
It is in Kaymakli Town of Nevsehir Province. It is 20 km to Nevsehir. It has 8 floors and its first floor has been made in the Hittite Period. It has been converted into an underground city by carving and expanding other areas in the Roman and Byzantine Periods. Today, its 4 floors are illuminated and opened for visit. This underground city, which is carved into tuff rocks, has the necessary shelter conditions for temporary living of a group. They have rooms and halls connected to each other via narrow corridors, wine depots, water tanks, kitchen and provision depots, ventilation tunnels, water wells and large bolt stones that close the door from the inner side in order to prevent any dangers that may come from the church and external environment. The first mention of these subterranean sites occurs in the works of Xenophon written around 400 BC. Xenophon was a Greek mercenary who took charge of the Ten Thousand after the death of Cyrus, marching across Cappadocia with them: The houses were built underground; the entrances were like wells but they broadened out lower down. There were tunnels dug in the ground for the animals wkile the men went down by ladder. Inside the houses there were goats, sheep, cows and poultry with their young [...] There was also wheat, beans, and barley wine in great bowls. When one was thirsty, one was meant to take a reed and suck the wine into one's mouth. This barley wine is exceedingly strong and is best mixed with water; but any man who is accustomed to it and drinks it undiluted enjoys its flavor to the full. Some authorities suggest that the underground cities were created during the earlier period, as storage areas, by the Hittites and were much later extended and brought into use as refuges for Christians persecuted by the Romans. Others maintain that the cities were created somewhat later, by the Phrygians, as a line of defense against the Assyrians. The most commonly held view is that the cities were excavated during Roman and/or Byzantine times. Certainly during these years the region was often beset by internal strife in the form of persecutions of (and by) local Christian communities, and external attacks by the Arabs. After the region was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire, in the 14th Century, the external threat abated, the Byzantines were forced to leave the area and, with the outbreak of peace, the abandonment of the underground cities began.
Geography and Climate:
The plateau that is Cappadocia is located in central Turkey, in eastern Anatolia, bounded by the Taurus Mountains, the Black Sea, the upper Euphrates and the historical boundary Lycaonia; it is about 40,000 square miles in area. The region is spiked with many volcanic mountains, including the nearly 13,000-foot tall Mount Erciyes. The lofty nature of this region makes Cappadocia's summers very hot and its winters snowy and freezing, although rainfall is quite uncommon.
What to Bring:
If you plan on exploring or taking an excursion, you should wear long pants to protect your legs from the rough rocks that make up the landscape of Cappadocia. Also take high-quality hiking shoes with a good tread to avoid falling. Keep in mind that rural Turkey is quite conservative, so dress modestly to avoid unwanted attention from the natives. Bring a detailed road map; getting lost in the complex network of roads in Cappadocia is quite easy.
How to Reach Cappadocia:
There are 2 airports in Cappadocia (ASR) Kayseri and (NAV) Nevsehir. The Kayseri Erkilet Airport is located 70km or 1 hour from Goreme. Nevsehir Kapadokya Airport is 40km or 40 minutes from Goreme. Kayseri airport is the larger of the two and has more flight options as well as being serviced by other airlines. Nevsehir, while closer is only serviced by Turkish Airlines. Either airport is a convenient way to fly in or out of the Cappadocia region. Airport transfer shuttles, public and private, are available for all flight times and we can arrange pick up or drop off to/from your hotel in both Istanbul and Goreme/Cappadocia.
The biggest city (old name Constantinople) in Turkey, Istanbul also has 2 airports – The Ataturk Airport and the Sabiha Gokcen Airport. The Ataturk Airport is located on the European side and is the biggest airport in Turkey. The smaller Sabiha Gokcen Airport is located on the Asian side – and it can often take more than an hour to reach Sultanahmet from the Sabiha Gokcen Airport.
Some of the most fascinating features of Cappadocia are the structures carved into the rock by ancient cultures. The Hittites carved large, complex networks of shelters around 3,200 years ago. Impressive rock-hewn churches and monasteries are also plentiful in Cappadocia, including the Eskigumus Monastery to the east of Nigde. Its fortress-like facade has protected its contents of Byzantine frescoes and monastic rooms up until 1960s. The view of thousands of pigeon houses that adorn a valley near Uchisar has become one of the most popular sights in Cappadocia and is one of the largest collections of pigeon lofts in the World.
Take several days to explore the region, as there are a variety of experiences to be had. Smoking is prohibited throughout Cappadocia, although this law is not often enforced. Multiple dolmus services operate throughout Cappadocia and are a relatively inexpensive way to get around. If you buy a ticket to Goreme, make sure your ticket says so, and confirm the final destination with your driver, otherwise you might be unceremoniously dumped in Nevsehir otogar.
Day tours and Hiking is a popular active pursuit in Cappadocia. Excursions are the most scenic in Red Valley, Pigeon Valley and Uludere Valley, where points of interest, such as rock monasteries and villages, are common. Cappadocia is a popular region for hot-air ballooning, with its striking, dramatic terrain and warm summer days. Several establishments take riders high across the region, including we arrange Balloons trips with the local balloon companies (thrustfull), safely and fully insurange with largest hot-air balloon in the world in its arsenal, which takes 32 patrons 2,000 feet in the air across Cappadocia. Additionally, horse-riding tours are made available by our licenced travel firm (Aiesope) Ezop Travel.