Population: On the general basis, the population in Turkey is characterised by youth and dynamism. According to a 1997 population census, Turkey has 70 million inhabitants. Although there has been a marked migration into town, approximately 47 percent of the population still lives in the rural areas. Although the official language is Turkish, English is widely spoken in Turkey. There are many high schools and universities where the curriculum is based on English, German and French are other commonly spoken foreign languages. Istanbul, which was the capital of three empires, is Turkey's largest city, with approximately 9.1 million inhabitants. Ankara, the capital city, has 3.69 million in habitants. The next largest cities are Izmir, Konya and Adana
Situated in the middle of the Cukurova Plain (Cilician Plain), Adana is the fourth largest city of Turkey, nestled in the most fertile agricultural area of the whole country which is fed by the lifegiving waters of River Seyhan. The city's name originates in mythology, where it was said to have been founded by Adanus, the son of Kronus (God of Weather). Due to its being in the heart of that fertile center Adana has been an important city for many civilizations for centuries dating back to the Hittites and Hittitian Empire. The precious River Seyhan is spanned by the ancient Taskopru (Stone Bridge) which was built by Hadrian and then repaired by Justinian. It is worth noting that to built a 300 yards long stone bridge in Roman times was a real feat. In the city, the 16th century Great Mosque (Ulu Camii), the Yag or Eski Mosque, the Hasan Aga Mosque, Saat Kulesi (the clock-tower) built in 1882, an old Covered Bazaar, Bedesten or Arasta are of interest. Also be sure to see the Ethnographical Museum where Turkish carpets, swords, manuscript books and tombstones are exhibited. The building itself is interesting as well since it was built as a church by the Crusaders. The Adana Archaeological Museum merits visiting too. Adana is also famous for its delicious Adana Kebap. The tea houses and restaurants alongside the Seyhan Dam and Lake provide a cool and perfect view of the city and the river at sunsets. There are some ancient cities on the road to Iskenderun which include Roman remnants. Misis Antique Museum is on the caravan route that came from China, India and Persia. Among the remains of Roman times, the most interesting is the elegant mosaic of the 4th century A.D representing Noah's Ark. Yilanlikale has the ruins of a fortress set a top a peak dominating the River Ceyhan. Dilekkaya, the ancient Anavarza, was an important Roman Byzantine city which still preserves the outline of the old city including two particularly worthwhile mosaics. Karatepe National Park is the Neo Hittite site where you will find the remains of the summer residence of King Asitawada, tablets of Hittite and Phoenician inscriptions, and an openair museum holding many remnants. South of Yilanlikale, in the Sirkeli region, at somewhat weathered Hittite relief marks King Muvattalish’s stop here on his way to Egypt. Castabala and Toprakkale are the other historical remains. Burucek, Tekir, Horzum, Zorkum meadows are ideal for picnicking and resting.
Il viaggio sia in Turchia che in Giordania è andato molto bene, e come ho un attimo vi voglio mandare un commento particolare sugli alberghi e sui piccoli inconvenienti da migliorare. Voi mandatemi una vostra pubblicità dettagliata che io la giro ad un mio amico che ha un'agenzia di viaggi, ma non ha nessun contatto con agenzie locali in Turchia e in Giordania. La guida Rasim Korkmaz è stato perfetto così come l'autista e il pulmino.
Vi riscriverò appena posso,un caro saluto.
Angiolina di Reto
X 6 personnes