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  Ankara - Cappadocia - HITTITE MUSEUM (Anatolian Civilisation Museum - Ankara)
 
The first museum in Ankara was established by Mubarek Galip Bey, Directorate of Culture, in 1921, in the section of the Castle of Ankara called Akkale. In addition to this museum, artifacts from the Augustus Temple and the Byzantine Baths were also collected. Upon recommendation of Atatürk and from the view of establishing an "Eti Museum" in the center , the Hittite artefacts from the region were sent to Ankara and therefore a larger museum was needed. The Director of Culture at that time, Hamiz Zübeyr Koþay and Saffet Arýkan, Minister of Education recommended that the Mahmut Paþa Bazaar and the Inn be repaired and converted into a museum. This recommendation was accepted and restoration continued from 1938 to 1968. Upon the completion of repairs of the bazaar, where the domed structure is, in 1940, a committee chaired by German Archaeologist H. G. Guterbock arranged the museum. In 1943, while the repairs of the building were still under progress, the middle section was opened for visitors. Repair projects of this part were carried out by Architect Macit Kural and repair work upon tender was performed by Architect Zuhtu Bey. In 1948 the museum administration left Akkale as a storage house, and the museum was in four rooms of Kursunlu Han the repairs of which were completed. Restoration and exhibition projects of the part around the domed structure were prepared and applied by Architect Ýhsan Kýygý. Five shops were left in their original form, and the walls between the shops were destroyed and thus a large location was provided for exhibition. The museum building reached its present structure in 1968. Kurþunlu Han, which has been used as an administration building, has research rooms, a library, a conference hall, a laboratory and workshops, and the Mahmut Pasha Vaulted Bazaar has been used as the exhibition hall. This museum was the number 1 place to see in Ankara. Included in with its priceless collection of Paleolithic, Neolithic, Hatti, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian, Persian, Greek and Roman artifacts, and the showpiece Lydian Treasure. This enormous mass of material comes from the archaeological sites of Ankara itself, Acemhoyuk, Beyce Sultan, Bogazkoy, Can Hasan, Catalhoyuk, Eskiyapar, Gordion, Hacilar, Kargamis, Kultepe, Ikiztepe, Inandik, Malatya, Pazarli, Patnos, Sakcegozu, Toprakkale and is of invaluable aid in an attempt to fully understand the complex cultural and artistic vicissitudes of the Anatolian Region. The Anatolian Civilizations Museum, being among exceptional museums with its unique collection, has Anatolian archaeological artefacts, artefacts from the Palaeolithic Age to the present are exhibited. Anatolian Civilizations Museum: Anatolian Civilizations Museum reaching the present time with its historical buildings and its deeply rooted history was elected as the first "Museum of the Year" in Switzerland on April 19, 1997. Palaeolithic Age (....8000): The Age is represented by the remains discovered in the Antalya Karain Cave. The people of Palaeolithic Age were hunting and collecting communities living in caves. The stone and bone tools of the people of that Age are exhibited. Neolithic Age (8000-5500): During this age food production began and first settlements were established by the communities of this age, the artefacts of the age were discovered in two important centers of the age, namely Catalhoyuk and Hacilar and are exhibited in the museum. The remains include the mother goddess sculptures, stamps, earthenware containers, agricultural tools made of bone. Calcolithic (Copper-Stone) Age (B.C. 5500-3000): In addition to stone tools, copper was processed and used in daily life during this age, and rich remains dating from this Age were discovered in Hacilar, Canhasan, Tilkitepe, Alacahoyuk and Alisar and are exhibited in the museum. Old Bronze Age (B.C. 3000-1950): The people living in Anatolia in the beginning of 3rd millenium B.C. added tin to copper and alloy to copper and invented bronze. They also worked all metals of the age with casting and hammering techniques. Valuable metals, magnificent death presents discovered from royal tombs of Alacahoyuk, ruins from Hasanoglan, Mahmatlar, Eskiyapar, Horoztepe, Karaoglan, Merzifon, Etiyokusu, Ahlatlibel, Karayavsan, Bolu, Beycesultan Semahoyuk, Karaz-Tilki tepe constitute the rich Old Bronze Age and are exhibited in the museum. Hittites (B.C. 1750-1200): The first political union in Anatolia in 2nd millenium was established by the Hittites in the Kizilirmak basin. The capital city was Bogazkoy (Hattusas) and other important centers were Ýnandik, Eskiyapar, Alacahoyok, Alisar, Ferzant. Embossed bull figure containers, earthenware artefacts, tablets of government archives, seals in the name of the king can be seen. Phrygian(B.C. 1200-700): The Phrygians immigrated from the Balkans in the 1200s and acquired control over Anatolia, their center was Gordion. The works of art discovered in Gordion and its ruins are the best examples of the Phrygians and are exhibited in the museum. Urartu (B.C. 1200-600): The Urartu civilisation reached an advanced architecture and mining technology in centers like Altintepe, Adilcevaz, Kayalýdere, Patnos, Van, Cavustepe and lived during the same times as the Phrygians. Late Hittities (B.C. 1200-700): Upon end of the Hittite Empire, some Hittite communities established province states in south and south-east Anatolia, and the Late Hittites Principalities Period ensued. Malatya-Aslantepe, Kargamis, Sakcagozo are some important Late Hittites settlements. Our collections including Greek, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Period artefacts from the 1st millenium, made of gold, silver, glass, marble, bronze and coins represent exceptional cultural assets. Ancient Jewellery is exhibited in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum. The museum is open every day except Monday.
     
 
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Cher Toroshan, J'ai enfin des nouvelles des clients. Tout c'est très très bien passé lors de la croisière. Transferts parfait - respect des consignes. Le capitaine leur a suggérer de changer d'itinéraire; les clients ont changé et ils été très satisfait de la suggestion. Ils n'ont pu se rendre à Kalymnos car la mer était trop forte et le capitaine n'a pas voulu prendre de risque. Bonne nourriture - bon rapport avec les membres d'équipage. Je te remercie pour cette collaboration très fructueuse. Dans l'attente de te lire, Bien à toi, POUR LES VOYAGES GENERALTOUR Jacqueline BAILLY Place Verte 19 4800 VERVIERS Tél : 00 32 87 33 31 47 / Fax : 00 32 87 34 12 52